Most people want to refinance their student loan to help their financial situation. So, the possibility of hurting your credit by going through the process of refinancing is alarming.
Fortunately, any harm done to your credit in applying should be pretty minor–and temporary. It’s just a part of going through obtaining a loan.
As for whether student loan refinancing will inflict any other kinds of damage to your credit, it definitely shouldn’t. To make sure your credit score is safe, learn more about how refinancing works and how you can best protect yourself.
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Credit Score: Why Is It Important?
A credit score is the number assigned to you by any of the credit rating agencies. Those agencies include Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax.
Whenever someone looks at your score–a lender considering whether to give you a loan, a landlord deciding if you’d make a good tenant–they’ll see a number that tells them how good a risk you are. Credit scores are like a snapshot of your financial health.
If you have a good credit score, you’re going to get more green lights to what you want: a loan with low interest, an affordable car insurance policy, a high-limit credit card. On the flip side, if your score isn’t good, you’re going to be turned down for loans, lose out on homes and cars, and only be able to get high–interest credit cards.
Judgements vary, but anything 700 or above is considered a strong score. Your credit score is influenced by:
- On-time payments for bills
- Steady (but not excessive) use of credit
- History of paying balances in full
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What is Student Loan Refinancing?
It’s all about choices in paying off student loans. With student loan refinancing, you take your existing loan, one you’ve been paying down, and approach a private lender to ask for a new student loan. The goal is to get a better deal: lock into savings-producing lower interest rates, sign up with more favorable terms. The lender–a bank or other financial institution–basically buys the old loan and issues a new one with you.
Student loan debt has reached staggering amounts in the U.S.
Generally, people refinance a federal student loan issued while they were in college and take out a private loan with lower interest. It should be noted that with student loan refinancing, if you do so, you lose the protections of federal loan forgiveness and cancellation programs.
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Refinancing Student Loans and Your Credit
So, to dig deeper into the question “Does refinancing student loans hurt your credit?” we’ll scrutinize the loan application process. The bank, credit union, or online lender you’ve gone to will perform what is known as a “hard credit check” when you apply for a loan. The intent is to see your number and the history behind the number.
Why does a hard credit check affect your number? After all, you didn’t do anything “wrong.” One explanation is that a hard inquiry means a lender is assessing your credit report and that creates uncertainty. You may be trying to get a personal loan, a student loan, or a mortgage. Something could be about to happen that could shake up your financial “health.”
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Hard Credit Checks
Sometimes this hard check doesn’t do anything to your credit. But other times the check will lower your credit score. How much? Occasionally as much as 10 points. More often 5 points or less. And fairly soon your score will return to where it was before the hard check.
The problem is if you submit multiple full applications for loans over the course of several months, your credit score could take a bigger hit. The reason is this suggests more volatility. So, if you put through these full applications over a long stretch of time, then the question of “Does refinancing student loans hurt credit?” carries the answer “Yes.”
There are proactive steps you can take to make sure your credit score makes it through the process in good shape.
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Limiting Application to a 14-30 Day Window
You can pre-qualify for a loan offer, and it won’t affect your score. Take advantage of that when you decide who you want to put in an application with. A full application is the only type that will nudge down your credit score. So try to submit to the lenders you consider your best options.
Also, and this is key, try to apply with your chosen few lenders for a student loan within the same month. That keeps the damage to your credit score to a minimum.
Note: Your FICO score won’t be significantly hurt by multiple inquiries if they occur within a 30-day window. Your Vantage credit score may have a shorter window of 14 days.
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Continuing to Make Payments on Student Loan Before Refinancing is Complete
When you’re trying to refinance, your money moves are under a spotlight. You need to be meticulous about continuing to make payments on your loan throughout the process. If you are late with a payment now, your credit score might suffer just when you want it to be perfect.
Keep on top of the payments for your original student loan until you are totally sure that the refinancing process is complete.
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Staying Current on Refinance Payments
When you analyze the question of whether refinancing student loans hurts your credit, you need to acknowledge the importance of making payments on time.
Yes, the application process could be finished, but any late payments will be reported to the credit agencies and lower your score. When choosing the terms of the loan–which is how long you will need to pay it off–make sure the repayment isn’t going to be too hard for you to cover. When refinancing, some people choose a shorter loan term and higher payments to get their loan over with. But the most important thing is making payments on time. Then refinancing is unlikely to hurt your credit.
Be sure to weigh this priority when you study the pros and cons of refinancing student loans.
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How will refinancing affect credit score? When you refinance your student loan, the private lender will do a hard check of your credit, which could cause a dip in your rating for a short time. If you apply to as few lenders as possible and keep it within a short time frame, that will minimize the chance of any credit damage. And be diligent in timely loan payments.
The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.Disclaimer: Many factors affect your credit scores and the interest rates you may receive. SoFi is not a Credit Repair Organization as defined under federal or state law, including the Credit Repair Organizations Act. SoFi does not provide “credit repair” services or advice or assistance regarding “rebuilding” or “improving” your credit record, credit history, or credit rating. For details, see the FTC’s website on credit (https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/topics/credit-and-loans)
Lantern by SoFi:
This Lantern website is owned by SoFi Lending Corp., a lender licensed by the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation under the California Financing Law, license number 6054612; NMLS number 1121636. (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org)
All rates, fees, and terms are presented without guarantee and are subject to change pursuant to each provider’s discretion. There is no guarantee you will be approved or qualify for the advertised rates, fees, or terms presented. The actual terms you may receive depends on the things like benefits requested, your credit score, usage, history and other factors.
*Check your rate: To check the rates and terms you qualify for, Lantern and/or its network lenders conducts a soft credit pull that will not affect your credit score. However, if you choose a product and continue your application, the lender(s) you choose will request your full credit report from one or more consumer reporting agencies, which is considered a hard credit pull and may affect your credit.
All loan terms, including interest rate, and Annual Percentage Rate (APR), and monthly payments shown on this website are from lenders and are estimates based upon the limited information you provided and are for information purposes only. Estimated APR includes all applicable fees as required under the Truth in Lending Act. The actual loan terms you receive, including APR, will depend on the lender you select, their underwriting criteria, and your personal financial factors. The loan terms and rates presented are provided by the lenders and not by SoFi Lending Corp. or Lantern. Please review each lender’s Terms and Conditions for additional details.
Many factors affect your credit scores and the interest rates you may receive. SoFi is not a Credit Repair Organization as defined under federal or state law, including the Credit Repair Organizations Act. SoFi does not provide “credit repair” services or advice or assistance regarding “rebuilding” or “improving” your credit record, credit history, or credit rating. For details, see the FTC’s website on credit.
Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.
Personal loan offers provided to customers on Lantern do not exceed 35.99% APR. An example of total amount paid on a personal loan of $10,000 for a term of 36 months at a rate of 10% would be equivalent to $11,616.12 over the 36 month life of the loan.
Student Loan Refinance:
Student loan refinance loans offered through Lantern are private loans and do not have the debt forgiveness or repayment options that the federal loan program offers, or that may become available, including Income Based Repayment or Income Contingent Repayment or Pay as you Earn (PAYE).
Notice: Recent legislative changes have suspended all federal student loan payments and waived interest charges on federally held loans until 05/01/22. Please carefully consider these changes before refinancing federally held loans, as in doing so you will no longer qualify for these changes or other future benefits applicable to federally held loans.
Auto Loan Refinance:
Automobile refinancing loan information presented on this Lantern website is from Caribou. Auto loan refinance information presented on this Lantern site is indicative and subject to you fulfilling the lender’s requirements, including: you must meet the lender’s credit standards, the loan amount must be at least $10,000, and the vehicle is no more than 10 years old with odometer reading of no more than 125,000 miles. Loan rates and terms as presented on this Lantern site are subject to change when you reach the lender and may depend on your creditworthiness. Additional terms and conditions may apply and all terms may vary by your state of residence.
Secured Lending Disclosure:
Terms, conditions, state restrictions, and minimum loan amounts apply. Before you apply for a secured loan, we encourage you to carefully consider whether this loan type is the right choice for you. If you can’t make your payments on a secured personal loan, you could end up losing the assets you provided for collateral. Not all applicants will qualify for larger loan amounts or most favorable loan terms. Loan approval and actual loan terms depend on the ability to meet underwriting requirements (including, but not limited to, a responsible credit history, sufficient income after monthly expenses, and availability of collateral) that will vary by lender.
Information about insurance is provided on Lantern by SoFi Life Insurance Agency, LLC. Click here to view our licenses.
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