Does your state have the worst gender pay gap?

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It’s no secret that women earn less than men. According to the newest MagnifyMoney study on the gender pay gap, women are disproportionately represented in the lowest income tier and underrepresented in the highest.

In fact, 72% of workers who earn six-figure salaries or above are men, while 57% of workers who earn less than $25,000 a year are women. This is according to an analysis of the latest available U.S. Census Bureau data.

“Women are always playing catch-up,” says Ismat Mangla, executive editor at MagnifyMoney. “They bear the brunt of low-wage jobs, and those low wages translate to a lifetime of being behind when it comes to building financial security.”

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Key findings

  • 72% of workers who earn six figures or above are men. For every woman who makes at least $100,000, 2.5 men do. The percentage continues to rise as you move up the income ladder, with 78% of $200,000-plus earners being men.
  • 57% of workers who make less than $25,000 are women. Even though the male workforce is 11% larger than the female workforce, there are millions more women than men in this lowest income tier. 40% of female workers make less than $25,000, compared with 27% of male workers.
  • The highest disparity among workers making less than $25,000 is in Louisiana. 60% of workers in the state below that income threshold are women, compared with 40% who are men. The lowest disparity is in Alaska, where 54% of workers under that income threshold are women, compared with 46% who are men.

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

72% of workers earning at least six figures are men

Traditional gender pay gap studies tend to focus on the average or median worker. These studies are usually framed with a statistic that indicates how many cents a woman earns, on average, compared to every dollar a man earns.

While they illustrate the broad income disparities between men and women, they don’t show how the gender pay gap manifests at different income tiers.

The gender pay gap, according to the new MagnifyMoney study, is widest among high-income workers. Breaking it down:

  • 72% of those who earn at least $100,000 are men, while 28% are women
  • 73% of those who earn at least $150,000 but less than $200,000 are men, while 27% are women
  • 78% of those who earn at least $200,000 are men, while 22% are women

“The highest earners in our society are men, which means that they are able to build wealth for the long haul,” Mangla says. Men tend to have more money stashed away than women, in large part due to the gender pay gap.

Looking at the gap differently, 16% of male workers earn at least six figures, compared with 7% of female workers. And 4% of men land above the $200,000 income threshold, compared with 1% of women.

Some states have wider gender pay gaps than others, especially when looking at the high end of the income scale. The statistical distribution of the gender pay gap is much wider at the state level for workers earning at least six figures than it is for those earning $25,000 or less.

Image Credit: Deposit Photos.

51. District of Columbia

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 57,126
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 43,705
  • Percentage who are men: 56.7%

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

50. Maryland

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 340,570
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 43,705
  • Percentage who are men: 56.7%

Image Credit: James_Lane.

49. New York

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 918,406
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 478,183
  • Percentage who are men: 65.8%

Image Credit: Eloi_Omella.

48. Vermont

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 16,466
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 7,917
  • Percentage who are men: 67.5%

Image Credit: DenisTangneyJr.

47. Hawaii

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 43,838
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 20,891
  • Percentage who are men: 67.7%

Image Credit: Art Wager.

46. California

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 1,927,090
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 909,130
  • Percentage who are men: 67.9%

Image Credit: mlauffen.

45. Massachusetts

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 419,098
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 195,088
  • Percentage who are men: 68.2%

Image Credit: Rolf_52.

44. Virginia

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 440,803
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 196,014
  • Percentage who are men: 69.2%

Image Credit: ABEMOS / istockphoto.

43. Delaware

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 34,050
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 14,869
  • Percentage who are men: 69.6%

Image Credit: mdgmorris.

42. Connecticut

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 203,861
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 87,531
  • Percentage who are men: 70.0%

Image Credit: traveler1116.

41. New Jersey

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 568,607
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 238,659
  • Percentage who are men: 70.4%

Image Credit: aimintang.

40. Maine

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 32,353
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 13,527
  • Percentage who are men: 70.5%

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

39. Minnesota

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 234,327
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 94,120
  • Percentage who are men: 71.3%

Image Credit: JoeChristensen.

38. Rhode Island

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 38,919
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 15,539
  • Percentage who are men: 71.5%

Image Credit: danlogan.

37. Oregon

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 144,349
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 57,347
  • Percentage who are men: 71.6%

Image Credit: HaizhanZheng.

36. Illinois

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 555,563
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 218,346
  • Percentage who are men: 71.8%

Image Credit: ibsky.

35. Nevada

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 82,835
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 31,895
  • Percentage who are men: 72.2%

Image Credit: AlizadaStudios.

34. Georgia

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 354,352
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 136,329
  • Percentage who are men: 72.2%

Image Credit: SeanPavonePhoto.

33. North Carolina

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 309,018
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 117,114
  • Percentage who are men: 72.5%

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

32. Pennsylvania

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 462,800
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 173,778
  • Percentage who are men: 72.7%

Image Credit: AppalachianViews.

31. Colorado

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 265,584
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 99,372
  • Percentage who are men: 72.8%

Image Credit: Jacob Boomsma / istockphoto.

30. Florida

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 583,024
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 217,776
  • Percentage who are men: 72.8%

Image Credit: Elisa.rolle.

29. Arizona

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 216,792
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 79,721
  • Percentage who are men: 73.1%

Image Credit: wanderluster.

28. Washington

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 391,971
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 142,773
  • Percentage who are men: 73.3%

Image Credit: 4nadia.

27. Missouri

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 174,815
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 61,904
  • Percentage who are men: 73.8%

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

26. Kentucky

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 100,598
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 35,576
  • Percentage who are men: 73.9%

Image Credit: Thomas Kelley.

25. New Mexico

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 48,287
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 17,047
  • Percentage who are men: 73.9%

Image Credit: Davel5957.

24. Wisconsin

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 169,716
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 58,605
  • Percentage who are men: 74.3%

Image Credit: FierceAbin.

23. Tennessee

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 182,965
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 62,903
  • Percentage who are men: 74.4%

Image Credit: Swarmcatcher.

22. Ohio

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 344,437
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 117,778
  • Percentage who are men: 74.5%

Image Credit: dypics.

21. Arkansas

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 63,825
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 21,005
  • Percentage who are men: 75.2%

Image Credit: Rdlamkin.

20. South Carolina

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 128,486
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 42,180
  • Percentage who are men: 75.3%

Image Credit: SeanPavonePhoto.

19. New Hampshire

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 68,674
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 22,283
  • Percentage who are men: 75.5%

Image Credit: DenisTangneyJr.

18. Texas

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 1,106,823
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 353,600
  • Percentage who are men: 75.8%

Image Credit: DenisTangneyJr.

17. Alaska

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 31,772
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 10,148
  • Percentage who are men: 75.8%

Image Credit: Chilkoot.

16. Michigan

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 333,115
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 106,017
  • Percentage who are men: 75.9%

Image Credit: haveseen.

15. West Virginia

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 38,812
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 11,700
  • Percentage who are men: 76.8%

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

14. Iowa

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 93,270
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 27,777
  • Percentage who are men: 77.1%

Image Credit: JoeChristensen.

13. Indiana

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 188,069
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 55,367
  • Percentage who are men: 77.3%

Image Credit: f11photo.

12. Nebraska

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 56,037
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 16,475
  • Percentage who are men: 77.3%

Image Credit: marekuliasz.

11. Kansas

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 92,631
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 26,637
  • Percentage who are men: 77.7%

Image Credit: Michael Pham.

10. Mississippi

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 55,942
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 15,972
  • Percentage who are men: 77.8%

Image Credit: stevegeer.

9. Alabama

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 128,934
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 36,382
  • Percentage who are men: 78.0%

Image Credit: James Deitsch.

8. South Dakota

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 22,082
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 6,105
  • Percentage who are men: 78.3%

Image Credit: Rex_Wholster.

7. Montana

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 26,722
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 7,307
  • Percentage who are men: 78.5%

Image Credit: YinYang.

6. Oklahoma

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 104,701
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 28,135
  • Percentage who are men: 78.8%

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

5. Louisiana

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 144,842
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 35,405
  • Percentage who are men: 80.4%

Image Credit: DenisTangneyJr.

4. Idaho

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 44,130
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 10,264
  • Percentage who are men: 81.1%

Image Credit: knowlesgallery.

3. North Dakota

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 31,253
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 6,666
  • Percentage who are men: 82.4%

Image Credit: sequential5.

2. Wyoming

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 19,078
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 4,012
  • Percentage who are men: 82.6%

Image Credit: dschreiber29.

1. Utah

  • Number of men earning at least $100,000: 119,099
  • Number of women earning at least $100,000: 21,082
  • Percentage who are men: 85.0%

Image Credit: ” 4kodiak”.

No pay parity in any state

Even in states with the smallest gender pay gaps at the highest end of the income scale, there still isn’t parity. In every state (and D.C.), more workers who earn $100,000 or more are men. Here are the states with the smallest gender pay gaps among high-income workers:

  • District of Columbia: 57% men, 43% women
  • Maryland: 65% men, 35% women
  • New York: 66% men, 34% women
  • Vermont: 68% men, 32% women
  • Hawaii: 68% men, 32% women

Even though there are 11% more men than women in the workforce, more women (28.6 million) earn less than $25,000 a year than men (21.5 million). In every state and D.C., there are more women earning less than $25,000 than there are men.

In the next income tier — workers who make at least $25,000 but less than $50,000 — the gap is narrower: 51% of those workers are men, while 49% are women.

The gender distribution among workers earning less than $25,000 isn’t as stark — but it’s still prominent, nonetheless. In six states, the biggest gap among workers who earn $25,000 or less is 20 percentage points (60% women, versus 40% men). This makes it exponentially harder for women to put more money in their savings accounts.

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Gender pay disparities in each income bracket

Aside from the lowest income bracket (less than $25,000), there are more men than women in every other income bracket. The gap widens at each tier, as the percentage of men is successively higher for those making at least $25,000 but less than $50,000, at least $50,000 but less than $75,000 and so on.

At the highest income bracket included in this MagnifyMoney study — workers who earn $200,000 or more — 78% of workers are men, meaning that there are 3.6 men for every woman who makes at least that amount.

Image Credit: Magnigymoney.com.

Fighting the gender pay gap

There are several structural reasons why men tend to earn more than women, especially sexism in the workplace. Even when men and women have the same level of experience and same job responsibilities, pay equity is never guaranteed.

The onus for closing the gender pay gap falls on employers and policymakers who can create structural change.

“Raising the minimum wage and instituting pay transparency could go a long way toward leveling the playing field,” Mangla says.

So, what steps can women take?

“The problems are structural, but it always makes sense for women to do their research on compensation in their field so they can be armed with information when it comes to negotiating,” Mangla says.

However, Mangla says negotiating for a fairer wage can sometimes backfire.

“Women are often penalized for trying to secure higher wages, so they should be aware of this before negotiating,” she says.

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Methodology

Analysts used microdata from the U.S. Census Bureau 2019 American Community Survey (five-year estimate) to count the number of actively employed men and women in each state who reported individual, annualized earnings within the following bands:

  • Less than $25,000
  • $25,000 to $49,999
  • $50,000 to $74,999
  • $75,000 to $99,999
  • $100,000 to $149,999
  • $150,000 to $199,999
  • $200,000 and higher

The final three bands were summed to count men and women who earned more than $100,000. Analysts also calculated the percentage of male and female active workers who fell within each band.

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This article originally appeared on MagnifyMoney.com and was syndicated by MediaFeed.org.

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

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