Labor Day: Here’s what you need to know about union membership by state

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Labor unions were first started in 1881 and now one in 10 workers in America is a member of a labor union, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Being part of a union means pay guidelines and workplace protections, and labor unions can use collective bargaining power to negotiate with employers.

Union membership and laws differ by state, so it’s important to learn how membership works in your region, especially if you’re looking to work in an industry that is typically unionized.

Here’s what you need to know about labor union membership in each state.

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Alabama

Total union members: 1,950,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 9.2%

Right-to-work state: Yes

Image Credit: Sean Pavone.

Alaska

Total union members: 299,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 18.5%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: Chilkoot.

Arizona

Total union members: 2,943,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.3%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: Sean Pavone / iStock.

Arkansas

Total union members: 1,176,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.8%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: Sean Pavone.

California

Total union members: 16,399,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 14.7%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Colorado

Total union members: 2,564,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 11%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: iStock.

Connecticut

Total union members: 1,677,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 16%

Right-to-work state: no

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District of Columbia

Total union members: 345,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 9.9%

Right-to-work state: no

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Delaware

Total union members: 434,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10.3%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: iStock.

Florida

Total union members: 8,702,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.6%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Georgia

Total union members: 4,466,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.5%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Hawaii

Total union members: 601,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 23.1%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Idaho

Total union members: 733,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.7%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Illinois

Total union members: 5,694,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.8%

Right-to-work state: no

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Indiana

Total union members: 3,049,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 8.8%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Iowa

Total union members: 1,461,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 7.7%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Kansas

Total union members: 1,283,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 7%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Kentucky

Total union members: 1,812,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 8.9%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Louisiana

Total union members: 1,785,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Maine

Total union members: 573,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 12.9%

Right-to-work state: no

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Maryland

Total union members: 2,784,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 11%

Right-to-work state: no

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Massachusetts

Total union members: 3,397,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.7%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Michigan

Total union members: 4,320,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 14.5%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Minnesota

Total union members: 2,634,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 15%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: JoeChristensen.

Mississippi

Total union members: 1,121,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.1%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Missouri

Total union members: 2,675,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 9.4%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Montana

Total union members: 427,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 11.8%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: YinYang.

Nebraska

Total union members: 882,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 6.6%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Nevada

Total union members: 1,376,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.9%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

New Hampshire

Total union members: 664,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10.2%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: Pixabay.com.

New Jersey

Total union members: 3,935,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 14.5%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

New Mexico

Total union members: 812,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 6.8

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: Davel5957.

New York

Total union members: 8,404,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 22.3%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

North Carolina

Total union members: 4,331,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 2.7%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

North Dakota

Total union members: 343,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.2%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Ohio

Total union members: 5,054,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 12.6%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: iStock.

Oklahoma

Total union members: 1,583,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.7%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Oregon

Total union members: 1,738,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 13.9%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Pennsylvania

Total union members: 5,575,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 12.6%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: SOMATUSCANI.

Rhode Island

Total union members: 479,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 17.4%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

South Carolina

Total union members: 2,016,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 2.7%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

South Dakota

Total union members: 387,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.6%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Tennessee

Total union members: 2,816,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 5.5%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: iStock.

Texas

Total union members: 11,989,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.3%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Utah

Total union members: 1,343,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.1%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Vermont

Total union members:

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10.5%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Virginia

Total union members: 3,875,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 4.3%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: WilliamSherman.

Washington

Total union members: 3,270,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 19.8%

Right-to-work state: no

Image Credit: iStock.

West Virginia

Total union members: 684,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 10%

Right-to-work state: yes

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Wisconsin

Total union members: 2,700,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 8.1%

Right-to-work state: yes

Image Credit: DepositPhotos.com.

Wyoming

Total union members: 235,000

Union members as a percentage of total workforce: 6.5%

Right-to-work state: yes

Want to learn more about workers’ rights? Check out this state-by-state guide to workers’ compensation here.

This article originally appeared on Policygenius and was syndicated by MediaFeed.org.

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