Medical marijuana laws in every state

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Marijuana legalization is a topic in the upcoming presidential election

Medical marijuana laws are drastically different from state to state. Many states have legalized it, while others have not. Some states only allow low grade Cannabidiol (CBD oil), yet others have legalized raw cannabis. 

Furthermore, each state has its own rules about cultivating the plant; some have regulated how many plants can be grown, while others have outlawed growing marijuana. These rules are subject to change, as some states will find medical marijuana initiatives on their 2020 ballots. 

We’ve compiled this slideshow to highlight each state’s specific rules and to see if a medical marijuana initiative will appear on each state’s ballots this November.

Related: Unemployment benefits: A state-by-state guide

Alabama
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Alabama

Medicinal marijuana is not legal in Alabama. However, in 2014, Carly’s Law was signed into effect, making it legal for seizure patients with a valid prescription to access and use oils with low THC levels.

Click here to learn more about Carly’s Law and how it applies to Alabama residents.

Alaska
Chilkoot

Alaska

In Alaska, medical marijuana is available to patients who qualifywith at least one of these listed conditions. Patients can legally have up to one ounce of marijuana on them and are able to cultivate up to six house plants with a maximum of three mature plants.

Learn more about Alaska’s medicinal marijuana laws. 

Arizona
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Arizona

In Arizona, patients who haveat least one of these qualifying conditions can apply for a medicinal marijuana card. Eligible patients are allowed to purchase up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana from a state licensed dispensary every 14 days. 

If the patient lives more than 25 miles from a licensed dispensary, they are able to grow and cultivate up to a dozen marijuana plants, as long as they are enclosed in a locked facility.

Learn more

https://www.azdhs.gov/licensing/medical-marijuana/index.php

 about Arizona’s medicinal marijuana laws.

Arkansas
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Arkansas

Arkansas residents who qualify withat least one of these listed conditions can apply for a medical marijuana card. Qualifying patients can purchase up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana every two weeks, however, no cultivation is allowed throughout the state.

Learn more about the Arkansas medical marijuana program.

California
Art Wager

California

Just as recreational marijuana has been legalized in California, so has medicinal cannabis. Patients with at least one of these qualifying conditions or medical approval can easily apply for a medical marijuana card in California. 

California residents with medical marijuana approval do not have possession limitations. Furthermore, California residents may cultivate their own marijuana plants. 

Learn more about California medical marijuana laws. 

Colorado
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Colorado

In Colorado, it is legal for patients withone of these listed conditions, including any condition for which an opioid would be traditionally prescribed, to possess up to two ounces of marijuana on them at a time. 

Additionally, patients are legally able to cultivate six plants, with a maximum of three being mature. Learn moreabout Colorado’s medical marijuana program.

Connecticut
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Connecticut

Medical marijuana has been legal in Connecticut since 2012. Patients must haveat least one qualifying condition on this expansive list. Connecticut does not specifically limit how much marijuana-card-holding patients can have, stating “a one month’s supply.” 

In Connecticut, home cultivation is strictly illegal and can result in a felony charge.Follow this link for additional information. 

Delaware
mdgmorris

Delaware

Medical marijuana was signed into Delaware law in 2011. Delaware residents must haveone of these listed conditions or another debilitating condition for which their physician recommends marijuana as a treatment. 

Up to six ounces of marijuana can be purchased at a state licensed dispensary, but no home cultivation is allowed.Click here for more information.

Washington D.C.
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District of Columbia

Anyone living in our nation’s capital with a debilitating condition can apply for a medical marijuana card with a physician’s recommendation. While home cultivation is not allowed, you can purchase up to two ounces of cannabis from one of the capital’s licensed dispensaries.

Follow this link for additional information about Washington DC’s medical marijuana program. 

Medical marijuana laws in every state

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Florida
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Florida

In Florida, residents with one of theselisted conditions or another debilitating condition can qualify for the state’s medical marijuana program. You will still be unable to cultivate a plant at your residence, but you can purchase up to four ounces of cannabis at a state-licensed dispensary. 

Learn more about Florida’s laws here.

Georgia
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Georgia

In Georgia, eligible patients are legally permitted to to possess up to 20 ounces of low-grade THC oil. Residents are unable to cultivate their own plants or legally purchase the marijuana plant. Only oils are legally allowed in Georgia.

Learn more about Georgia’s specific regulations.

Hawaii
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Hawaii

Medical marijuana has been technically legal in Hawaii since 2000, but it wasn’t until 2015 that the state opened their first dispensary, making it legal to purchase. Now, patients with at least one qualifying condition can purchase up to four ounces of usable marijuana (not counting the stem or seeds) from a state licensed dispensary. Residents of Hawaii can also cultivate up to seven cannabis plants on their property.

Learn moreabout Hawaii’s medical marijuana rules and regulations.

Idaho
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Idaho

Medical marijuana is illegal in Idaho. While the Idaho Cannabis Commission planned to include a vote for medical marijuana on Idaho’s November ballot, the coalition temporarily suspended their plan, due to COVID-19. 

However, they still plan to have a medical marijuana initiative on the 2022 ballot. Click herefor additional information.

Illinois
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Illinois

Illinois residents have along list of conditions that could qualify them for the state’s medical marijuana program. It is completely legal for eligible patients to have up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana on them. It’s also completely acceptable to cultivate up to five mature plants in the state. 

Eligible patients can also purchase up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana every two weeks at a licensed dispensary.Follow this link for additional information about the medical marijuana laws in Illinois.

indiana
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Indiana

CBD oil was legalized in 2017 for Indiana residents suffering from treatment-resistant epileptic conditions. In 2018, the law was expanded to allow all adults over the age of 21 to purchase CBD oil in Indiana, under the condition that it contains no more than 0.3% THC.

Click on this link for more information about Indiana’s CBD oil laws.

Iowa
JoeChristensen

Iowa

Similarly to Indiana, medical marijuana is illegal in Iowa, but CBD oil is permitted. Since 2014, residents with aqualifying condition can legally purchase CBD oil in Iowa. 

The law has since been revised, allowing the oil to contain up to 4.5% THC.Follow this link for additional information about Iowa’s CBD oil program.

Kansas
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Kansas

Medicinal marijuana is illegal in Kansas. You can legally purchase CBD oil online or in-store so long as it contains zero THC content. 

Kentucky
Thomas Kelley

Kentucky

While a law was passed in early 2020 to legalize medical marijuana in Kentucky, it stalled due to COVID-19. Currently, Kentucky residents can purchase low-grade CBD oil under the condition that it contains less than 3% THC.

Follow this link for more information about Kentucky’s regulations for CBD oil.

Louisiana
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Louisiana

In 2019, Louisiana began dispensing legal, medical marijuana products toresidents with qualifying conditions. While it is illegal for the plant itself to be sold or ingested, other forms or marijuana products, like vapors, can be purchased legally. 

Residents can purchase up to a 30-day supply of non-smokable marijuana products at a time.Click here for more information. 

Maine
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Maine

In Maine, medical marijuana has been approved for legalization since 1999. While there isa list of qualifying conditions, doctors have been able to use their discretion when prescribing medical marijuana to patients since 2018. 

Patients can possess up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis at a time. Furthermore, patients are legally able to cultivate up to six mature marijuana plants at their home.

Follow this link for additional information regarding Maine’s medical marijuana program.

Maryland
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Maryland

Maryland has been offeringqualifying residents medical marijuana since 2017. Patients can purchase up to a 30-day supply of cannabis from a state-licensed dispensary. 

However, edible forms or marijuana are prohibited in Maryland. Additionally, home cultivation is also illegal. 

Click this link for more information about Maryland’s medical marijuana laws.

Massachusetts
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Massachusetts

Medical marijuana has been legal in Massachusetts since 2012. A qualifying physician can recommend a patient to receive up to 10 ounces of cannabis every two months. Residents of Massachusetts are also legally able to cultivate limited quantities of marijuana plants on their private property.

Learn moreabout Massachusetts’ medical marijuana program.

Michigan
haveseen

Michigan

Michigan legalized medical marijuana in 2008. Patientswith at least one of these qualifying conditions can purchase up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana at a time from a state-licensed dispensary. 

Michigan also allows for at home cultivation of no more than 12 marijuana plants. Click on this link for some additional information.

Minnesota
Jacob Boomsma

Minnesota

After the law passed in 2014, Minnesota began offering medical marijuana in 2015. The cannabis must be non-smokable and at-home cultivation is illegal. Patients with aqualifying condition can purchase up to a 30-day supply of non-smokable marijuana products at a state-licensed dispensary.

Follow this link  for additional information about Minnesota’s medical marijuana program.

Mississippi
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Mississippi

Medical marijuana is currently illegal in Mississippi, but Mississippi residents will be able to vote on its legalization on their ballots this November. Initiative 65 would legalize marijuana for patients with debilitating conditions. 

For more information on how Mississippi could legalize medical marijuana this November, follow this link or visit Mississipian’s for Compassionate Care’s website.

Missouri
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Missouri

In Missouri, medical marijuana has been legal since 2018. Qualifying patientswith a listed condition, or recommended by a physician, can purchase up to four ounces of marijuana every 30 days. Additionally, Missouri residents with a valid medical marijuana card can cultivate up to six plants in an enclosed environment.

Click here for additional information about Missouri’s medical marijuana program.

Montana
David Butler

Montana

Medical marijuana has been legal in Montana since 2004. Montana residents with one of thesequalifying conditions can sign up for a medical marijuana card. This card allows them to purchase up to one ounce of marijuana at a time and cultivate up to four mature plants and four seedlings.

Follow this link for additional information.

Nebraska
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Nebraska

Nebraska has not legalized medical marijuana. However, it was announced in early July that Nebraskans for Medical Marijuanahad obtained the necessary signatures for a medical marijuana initiative to appear on Nebraskan’s ballots this November. 

Learn more about Nebraska’s initiative.

Nevada
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Nevada

Medical marijuana has been legal in Nevada since 2001. Residents with a valid medical marijuana card can cultivate up to 12 cannabis plants. They can also purchase up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana at a time. 

To qualify for Nevada’s medical marijuana program, a resident must have at least one of theselisted conditions or receive specific approval from a medical professional.

Click on this link for more information.

New Hampshire
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New Hampshire

Residents of New Hampshire qualifying with at least one of these listed conditions are eligible to take part in the state’s medical marijuana program. Valid cardholders can purchase up to two ounces of marijuana at a time from a state-licensed dispensary, but home cultivation is prohibited.

Follow this link for more details on New Hampshire’s medical marijuana program.

New Jersey
aimintang

New Jersey

Medical marijuana has been legal in The Garden State since 2013. To qualify for the program, residents must have at least one of these listed conditions or be diagnosed as terminally ill with under 12 months to live. 

At-home cultivation is not allowed; three ounces of marijuana can be purchased monthly at one of New Jersey’s state-licensed dispensaries.

Click on this link for more information.

New Mexico
Davel5957

New Mexico

Since 2007, medical cannabis has been legal in New Mexico as long as the patient has one of thesequalifying conditions. The cultivation of up to 16 plants is also legal, under the condition that no more than four of the 16 plants are mature. Every 90 days, a patient can purchase up to eight ounces of cannabis. 

New Mexico offers workplace protection for patients possessing marijuana. The state also requires patients to renew their medical marijuana cards every three years instead of annually, like most states.

Follow this link for more information about New Mexico’s medical marijuana program. 

New York
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New York

Legalized in 2014, medical marijuana is available to patients with aqualifying condition. Patients are able to purchase a 30-day supply of cannabis at a state-licensed dispensary, yet at-home cultivation is prohibited.

Follow this link for additional information.

North Carolina
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North Carolina

In North Carolina, medical marijuana is only legal for epilepsy patients who have not responded well to other treatment methods. These patients are only legally able to use CBD oil; smoking cannabis or cultivating plants is still illegal in North Carolina.

Click on this link for additional information.

North Dakota
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North Dakota

North Dakota’s medical marijuana program was up and running in 2017. Patients with one of theselisted conditions can apply for a medical marijuana card, which will allow them to purchase up to three ounces of marijuana products at a state-licensed dispensary within a 30-day period. At home cultivation is illegal.

Click here for more information. 

Ohio countryside
iStock

Ohio

While medical marijuana is legal in Ohio, the cannabis plant itself is not. Patients with aqualifying condition and a valid medical marijuana card can purchase marijuana products (edibles, patches, vapors, etc.) from a licensed dispensary. There is no cultivation allowed in Ohio.

Follow this link for more information.

Oklahoma
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Oklahoma

Medical marijuana was legalized in Oklahoma in 2018. There is no list of qualifying conditions in Oklahoma; it is at the discretion of the physician. With a valid medical marijuana card, participants can have up to eight ounces in their residence, one ounce of concentrate, 72 ounces of edibles and up to six mature plants and six seedlings. 

Additionally, patients with a valid card can have up to three ounces of cannabis on their person with no consequences.

Follow this link for additional information about Oklahoma’s medical marijuana rules and regulations.

Oregon
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Oregon

In Oregon, patients with aqualifying condition and a valid medical marijuana card can possess up to 24 ounces of usable cannabis purchased from a licensed dispensary. 

Furthermore, patients can cultivate up to six mature plants and 18 immature seedlings. For more information on Oregon’s medical marijuana program,click here.

Pennsylvania
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Pennsylvania

In Pennsylvania, medical marijuana was legalized in 2016. Patients with one of the qualifying conditions and a valid medical marijuana card can purchase a 30-day supply of marijuana products from a state-licensed dispensary. 

The cannabis plant is illegal, but cannabis products like vapors, oils, pills, liquids, or ointments are legal. With the plant being illegal, cultivation is also illegal in Pennsylvania.

Follow this link for additional information.

Rhode Island
danlogan

Rhode Island

Medical marijuana has been legal in Rhode Island since 2006. Patients musthave one of these listed conditions to qualify for a medical marijuana card. This card allows the possession of up to 2.5 ounces 

Additionally, residents with valid cards can cultivate up to 12 mature plants and one dozen immature seedlings. Click here for some additional information.

South Carolina
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South Carolina

Medical marijuana is illegal in South Carolina. However, CBD has been legal since 2017.

South Dakota
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South Dakota

Medical marijuana is illegal in South Dakota. However, this November residents of South Dakota will be able to vote on Initiated Measure 26, which would legalize medical marijuana in the state. 

For more information, follow this link.

Tennessee
NathanMerrill

Tennessee

In 2016, it was signed into Tennessee law that only CBD oil with less than 0.9% THC can be used for medical purposes. However, it is still illegal to sell CBD oil in Tennessee, so patients must travel out of state to procure the oil. 

There is no legal cultivation within the state borders of Tennessee. For more information,click here.

Texas
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Texas

In 2015,the Texas Compassionate Use Act was signed into law, legalizing the use of CBD oil as a treatment for epilepsy patients, as long as the oil contained less than 5% THC or 10% CBD. Like other states where only CBD oil is legalized, cultivation is illegal.

In 2019, the Act was revised to include additional qualifying conditions. For more information about the Texas Compassionate Use Act and the state’s regulations regarding marijuana,follow this link.

Utah
” 4kodiak”

Utah

In Utah, residents with aqualifying condition can obtain a medical marijuana card and purchase up to a 30-day supply of medical marijuana products and up to 113 grams of raw cannabis (just under four ounces) at a state-licensed dispensary.

Click here for additional information about Utah’s medical marijuana program.

Vermont
” DonLand”

Vermont

Medical marijuana has been legal in Vermont since 2004. Residents with a qualifying condition can register for a medical marijuana card, which will allow them to purchase up to two ounces of cannabis at a state-licensed dispensary. Furthermore, Vermonters can cultivate up to nine marijuana plants as long as no more than two are mature. 

For more information about Vermont’s medical marijuana program,follow this link.

Virginia
tmersh

Virginia

Virginia has recently legalized the use of CBD oil for medical patients. While the cannabis plant is still illegal, patients can possess CBD oil with less than 10 milligrams of THC. 

For more information on Virginia’s evolving medical marijuana laws,click here

Washington
4nadia

Washington

Residents of Washington with one of these listedqualifying conditions or any terminal or debilitating condition can take part in the state’s medical marijuana program. Washington allows patients to possess up to three ounces of cannabis, 48 ounces of infused solid product, 21 grams (just under three-quarters of an ounce) of concentrate and 216 ounces of infused liquids. 

Additionally, participants can cultivate up to six cannabis plants, as long as those plants produce a maximum of eight ounces of marijuana.

Follow this link for additional information.

West Virginia
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West Virginia

Medical marijuana is technically legal in West Virginia. Cannabis products like oils, liquids and patches are legalized, but the state has not begun registration for its medical marijuana program and dispensaries have not yet received licenses. 

For more information about West Virginia’s ongoing efforts,click here.

Wisconsin
FierceAbin

Wisconsin

Medical marijuana is not legal in Wisconsin, however, CBD oil is legal for medical and recreational use.

Wyoming
AnujSahaiPhotography

Wyoming

Medical marijuana is not legal in Wyoming, however, CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC is legal to purchase.

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