Houses are just sitting empty in these states. Here’s why


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Even in the face of rising mortgage rates and stagnating construction numbers, the housing market is still scorching hot. Because of this, it may be difficult to believe that more than 16 million homes across the U.S. are sitting vacant.

But this doesn’t mean millions of abandoned and dilapidated homes are withering away in the suburbs. Vacant homes can be unoccupied for many reasons beyond being uninhabitable. For example, a house can be vacant because it’s still on the market to be sold or rented or it’s a vacation home not currently in use.

Regardless of why homes are vacant, knowing an area’s vacancy rate can be an important part of understanding the overall health of its housing market.

To get a sense of vacancy rates in the U.S., LendingTree analyzed the latest U.S. Census Bureau data to rank the nation’s 50 states by their shares of unoccupied homes. Though areas with higher vacancy rates are often less expensive, that isn’t always the case. In fact, there are some notable instances where a state’s median home price and its vacancy rate can both be relatively steep.

Image Credit: Feverpitched/ istockphoto .

Key finding

Home prices in states with higher vacancy rates are often — but not always — lower than in states with lower vacancy rates. Median home prices across the 10 states with the highest vacancy rates are an average of about $168,000 lower than in the 10 states with the lowest vacancy rates. But there are exceptions. For example, Alaska boasts a higher-than-average median home value despite having one of the nation’s highest vacancy rates.

Here’s the data to rank the nation’s 20 states by their shares of unoccupied homes:

Image Credit: monkeybusinessimages / istockphoto.

25. Tennessee

Total housing units: 3,065,835

Occupied housing units: 2,702,490

Vacant housing units: 363,345

Vacancy rate: 11.85%

Median home value: $203,400

Image Credit: NathanMerrill.

24. Wisconsin

Total housing units: 2,738,305

Occupied housing units: 2,393,344

Vacant housing units: 344,961

Vacancy rate: 12.60%

Median home value: $212,600

Image Credit: FierceAbin.

23. Kentucky

Total housing units: 2,016,609

Occupied housing units: 1,759,434

Vacant housing units: 257,175

Vacancy rate: 12.75%

Median home value: $160,700

Image Credit: Thomas Kelley.

22. Missouri

Total housing units: 2,833,623

Occupied housing units: 2,463,458

Vacant housing units: 370,165

Vacancy rate: 13.06%

Median home value: $176,000

Image Credit:

21. Michigan

Total housing units: 4,643,918

Occupied housing units: 4,012,557

Vacant housing units: 631,361

Vacancy rate: 13.60%

Median home value: $179,500

Image Credit:

20. Delaware

Total housing units: 449,537

Occupied housing units: 387,778

Vacant housing units: 61,759

Vacancy rate: 13.74%

Median home value: $272,200

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19. South Dakota

Total housing units: 404,906

Occupied housing units: 349,073

Vacant housing units: 55,833

Vacancy rate: 13.79%

Median home value: $188,900

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18. Hawaii

Total housing units: 554,102

Occupied housing units: 477,480

Vacant housing units: 76,622

Vacancy rate: 13.83%

Median home value: $648,000

Image Credit: Art Wager.

17. Oklahoma

Total housing units: 1,759,576

Occupied housing units:  1,514,051

Vacant housing units: 245,525

Vacancy rate: 13.95%

Median home value:  $152,500

Image Credit:

16. New Mexico

Total housing units: 955,942

Occupied housing units: 816,574

Vacant housing units: 139,368

Vacancy rate: 14.58%

Median home value:  $188,000

Image Credit:

15. Montana

Total housing units: 524,644

Occupied housing units: 446,572

Vacant housing units: 78,072

Vacancy rate: 14.88%

Median home value: $272,600

Image Credit: YinYang.

14. North Carolina

Total housing units: 4,813,617

Occupied housing units: 4,088,898

Vacant housing units: 724,719

Vacancy rate: 15.06%

Median home value:  $207,300

Image Credit: ” Darwin Brandis”.

13. Arkansas

Total housing units: 1,401,087

Occupied housing units: 1,185,599

Vacant housing units: 215,488

Vacancy rate: 15.38%

Median home value: $141,800

Image Credit:

12. South Carolina

Total housing units: 2,386,402

Occupied housing units: 2,009,401

Vacant housing units: 377,001

Vacancy rate: 15.80%

Median home value:  $189,500

Image Credit: SeanPavonePhoto.

11. North Dakota

Total housing units: 382,115

Occupied housing units: 321,697

Vacant housing units: 60,418

Vacancy rate: 15.81%

Median home value: $205,200

Image Credit:

10. Wyoming

Total housing units: 281,946

Occupied housing units: 237,179

Vacant housing units: 44,767

Vacancy rate: 15.88%

Median home value: $236,600

Image Credit: AnujSahaiPhotography.

9. Louisiana

Total housing units: 2,103,943

Occupied housing units: 1,762,869

Vacant housing units: 341,074

Vacancy rate: 16.21%

Median home value: $174,000

Image Credit: Meinzahn / istockphoto.

8. Mississippi

Total housing units: 1,345,251

Occupied housing units: 1,126,474

Vacant housing units: 218,777

Vacancy rate: 16.26%

Median home value: $135,100

Image Credit: SeanPavonePhoto/istockphoto.

7. New Hampshire

Total housing units: 646,849

Occupied housing units: 538,552

Vacant housing units: 108,297

Vacancy rate: 16.74%

Median home value:  $297,800

Image Credit:

6. Florida

Total housing units: 9,814,540

Occupied housing units: 8,133,696

Vacant housing units: 1,680,844

Vacancy rate: 17.13%

Median home value: $261,500

Image Credit: eyfoto / iStock.

5. Alabama

Total housing units: 2,302,582

Occupied housing units: 1,895,330

Vacant housing units: 407,252

Vacancy rate:  17.69%

Median home value: $162,300

Image Credit: Sean Pavone.

4. West Virginia

Total housing units: 896,570

Occupied housing units: 734,080

Vacant housing units: 162,490

Vacancy rate: 18.12%

Median home value: $130,500

Image Credit:

3. Alaska

Total housing units: 321,385

Occupied housing units: 255,456

Vacant housing units: 65,929

Vacancy rate:  20.51%

Median home value: $288,100

Image Credit: julof90.

2. Maine

Total housing units: 755,380

Occupied housing units: 584,057

Vacant housing units: 171,323

Vacancy rate: 22.68%

Median home value:  $211,000

Image Credit:

1. Vermont

Total housing units: 341,405

Occupied housing units:  263,353

Vacant housing units: 78,052

Vacancy rate: 22.86%

Median home value: $235,000

Image Credit: ” DonLand”.

If so many homes are vacant, why are housing prices still so high?

In theory, vacancy rates should have a strong inverse relationship to home prices. In other words, a high vacancy rate would signify a lack of demand from buyers, which in turn would result in a larger supply of homes on the market and lower prices. The inverse would also be true where a low vacancy rate would signify a strong demand from buyers, less supply on the market and higher prices.

Because of this, it may be tempting to blame the current hot housing market solely on an overabundance of vacant homes on the market.

However, as is often the case when economic theory unfolds in real life, this theoretical framework doesn’t always hold. For example, the median home price in New Hampshire— the state with the seventh-highest vacancy rate — is about $10,000 higher than the median home price in Connecticut, where vacancy rates are the third-lowest in the nation.
This means there are many other factors in play that help dictate home price, like location, the kind of rates being offered to borrowers, square footage and the reasons why homes are sitting unoccupied — to name a few.

Because of this, vacancy rates alone can’t fully explain why homes are so expensive. But that doesn’t mean that vacancy rates are unimportant. Understanding an area’s vacancy rate can help shed light on how buyers and homeowners behave.

For example, if both vacancy rates and home prices are relatively low, it could mean that sellers are parting with their homes for less money than they could have potentially gotten. If vacancy rates are low and housing prices are high, it could signify that the market is highly competitive and that lower-income people might have a problem finding a house.

On the flip side, high vacancy rates and high home prices can suggest that an area has unique characteristics, such as being a vacation hot spot or targeted by investors.

Meanwhile, high vacancy rates and low home prices might mean an area is experiencing socioeconomic hardships.

Ultimately, while vacancy rates aren’t the only aspect of a housing market that matters, they’re an important part of better understanding its behavior.

Image Credit: tab1962 / iStock.

Tips for dealing with low inventory and a hot housing market

With high prices, rates rising and a limited number of homes available for sale, it can be tricky for buyers to navigate today’s housing market. But by keeping the following tips in mind, homebuyers may find dealing with the market less daunting than they initially expected.

  • Shop around for the best possible rate. By shopping around and making different lenders compete for your business before you get a mortgage, you may be able to secure a lower interest rate than you would have had you gone with the first lender. The lower your rate, the less money you’ll need to spend on housing costs each month and the more expensive a home you’ll be able to afford.
  • Consider different loan options. Not all lenders have the same mortgage requirements. If you’re worried that you won’t qualify for a traditional 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage, you may still find that you can get approved for loans from places like the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
  • Don’t rush. With mortgage rates rising, you may feel pressure to rush into buying a house so that you can avoid paying higher interest. However, if you’re not in a position where you can comfortably afford a home or where you’re unsure if you want to be a homeowner, it may not be the best idea to buy right away. Being stuck in a home that you can’t afford or don’t want to live in can be worse than taking your time and potentially ending up with a slightly higher interest rate.

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All the data used to conduct this study comes from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2020 American Community Survey with one-year experimental estimates.

The survey measures the overall vacancy rate in a state by dividing the number of vacant households by the total number of households. Occupied households include homes owned or rented by occupants who use the home as their primary residence, while vacant households are broken down into seven subcategories. The U.S. Census Bureau defines these subcategories as follows:

  • For rent: These are vacant units offered “for rent,” or vacant units that are offered for either sale or rent.
  • Rented, not occupied: These are vacant units where a rental agreement has been reached but the future occupants haven’t moved in yet.
  • For sale only: These are vacant units currently on the market.
  • Sold, not occupied: Similar to “rented, not occupied,” this category covers homes that have sold but the new owner hasn’t moved in yet.
  • For seasonal, recreational or occasional use: These include homes for seasonal use like beach cottages and hunting cabins or lodging for seasonal workers like herders and loggers. Timeshare condominiums are also included here.
  • For migrant workers: These are homes for migrant workers to occupy while they’re employed in farm work during the crop season.
  • Other vacant: This category captures vacant homes that don’t fall into any of the above.

This article originally appeared on and was syndicated by

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