The beautiful state of Ohio boasts a fairly large population. Well, if you count over 11 million people to be large. Luckily, that big of a population means there are plenty of amazing schools to choose from. And who doesn’t like having options? In fact, as of 2018, Ohio had 256 schools you could potentially attend. Imagine that!
Now imagine how all of those schools are funded. Partially by your tuition. This is why it’s a good idea to learn a little about your loan options as well as any Ohio scholarship programs or grants that can help you pay for school. Knowledge is power, right?
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Average student loan debt in Ohio
If you said hi to an Ohio education, then you may want to be well-versed in what the state of Ohio student loan figures are — especially when it comes to debt and default rates. In 2017, 62% of Ohio college attendees had student loan debt, and on average owed $30,629.
When it comes to student loan default rates, as of 2015 (the most recent federal data available) Ohio has a default rate of 12.2%, with a little over 24,000 loan borrowers in default. Ohio leans towards the higher end of the spectrum when it comes to student loan default rates, but their scores are relatively low compared to states like West Virginia (17.7%) and New Mexico (16.2%).
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Ohio student loans
If your goal is to attend school in Ohio and you’re looking at ways to finance your education, you have options. And both federal and private student loans may be worth considering when researching how to pay for your college degree.
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Federal student loans
Federal student loans are all provided by the U.S. Department of Education’s William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program. If you take out a federal loan, the U.S. Department of Education is your lender.
To see which type of loan you may qualify for, you’ll need to fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®) form to apply for financial aid for college or grad school. You can review your state’s deadline and the federal FAFSA deadline here.
You should also review the deadlines for each college you are considering, as each college may consider the date that they receive your FAFSA form, or the date your FAFSA form is processed, as their final deadline. FAFSA will then offer you a financial aid package, dependent on your college, that may include grants, work-study opportunities and federal student loan options. It is important to note that not every student will qualify to receive federal aid.
There are four types of direct loans available:
Direct Subsidized Loans: For eligible undergraduate students who demonstrate financial need these loans help cover the costs of higher education at a college or career school. The federal government pays the interest on Direct Subsidized Loans while a student is in school at least half-time, and interest starts accruing on these loans only after a six-month grace period once students graduate, or if they drop below half-time enrollment.
Direct Unsubsidized Loans: Eligible undergraduate, graduate and professional students may qualify for these loans. Eligibility is not based on financial need. Interest on these loans begins accruing immediately after funds are disbursed.
Direct PLUS Loans: These loans are for graduate or professional students, and parents of dependent undergraduate students who need help paying for education expenses not covered by other financial aid. Eligibility for this loan is not based on financial need, but requires a credit check.
Direct Consolidation Loans: This type of federal loan combines all of your eligible federal student loans into a single loan, with one loan payment. Students generally use this loan if they have taken out multiple federal loans and want to combine them into one loan for repayment. The interest rate on these loans are the weighted average of the interest rates on all of the loans that a student is consolidating, rounded to the nearest one-eighth of 1%.
NOTE: All federal student loans have fixed interest rates, and generally they have lower interest rates than private loans.
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Private student loans
Private loans are funded by private organizations such as banks, online lenders, credit unions, some schools and state-based or state-affiliated organizations. Federal student loans have interest rates that are regulated by Congress. Private lenders follow a different set of regulations, so their interest rates can vary widely.
Private lenders may (but don’t always) require you to make payments on your loans while you are still in school, whereas you don’t have to start paying back your federal loans until after you graduate, leave school, or change your enrollment status to less than half-time. Their rates will usually differ too. Private loans have variable or fixed interest rates which may be higher or lower than federal loan interest rates, which are always fixed.
Unlike federal loans which can only be applied for within certain deadlines (once a year, and states have their own deadlines), private loans can be applied for on an as-needed basis. Even if you suspect you may need to take out a private loan, it’s still a best practice to submit your FAFSA before applying to see what federal aid you may qualify for first.
If you’ve missed the FAFSA deadline and you’re struggling to pay for school throughout the year, private loans can potentially help you make your education payments — as long as you have enough lead time for your loan to process and for your lender to send money to your school.
For more information on private loans, you can check out our article: Private student loans 101
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Scholarships & grants
Who doesn’t love a gift? You may sometimes hear grants and scholarships referred to as “gift aid.” That’s because while grants or scholarships may have certain academic or other requirements to keep them, you usually don’t have to pay them back like you would with a loan.
There are a few instances where you may have to pay back grant money, but typically only if certain requirements aren’t met. Generally, grants are need-based and scholarships are awarded based on merit.
There is no one-size-fits-all grant or scholarship amount or requirements, and both scholarships and grants can come from a variety of entities (including private organizations and federal or state governments).
Some scholarships or grants can be for a small amount that may help you pay for your books or research supplies, but others can cover the entire cost of your education. Who knew parking passes could be so expensive?
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Ohio scholarships & grants
If you attend school in Ohio, you and your family may be able to lighten your financial load by applying for scholarships for college students in Ohio. Grants are another funding option to apply alongside local scholarships in Ohio. Before you fund your education on your own or using student loans, consider applying for some of these Ohio school grants and scholarship opportunities.
Ohio College Opportunity Grant
This grant provides money to Ohio residents with financial need and who are enrolled in Ohio public colleges or universities, Ohio private, non-profit colleges or universities and Ohio private, for-profit institutions. Award amount varies based on chosen college and enrollment status.
Nurse Education Assistance Loan Program
This loan program provides financial assistance for Ohio students enrolled in an approved Ohio nurse education program. Funding is provided for students who plan on working as nurses or instructors after graduation.
Forever Buckeyes Program
Forever Buckeyes is a program that extends the in-state resident tuition rate to any public or private Ohio high school graduate who leaves the state but returns to live and study. Students who earned a diploma from an Ohio high school, and were an Ohio resident at the time of graduation, are eligible.
Choose Ohio First Scholarship
A scholarship that supports undergraduate and qualifying graduate students to pursue innovative academic programs at Ohio colleges and universities. The goal of these scholarships is to provide funding to students in order to strengthen Ohio’s competitiveness within STEMM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Medicine) disciplines and education.
Ohio National Guard Scholarship Program
Current and prior members of the Ohio National Guard may apply for scholarship benefits. Award amounts vary based on service terms.
Ohio War Orphans Scholarship
Tuition assistance is provided to the children of deceased or severely disabled Ohio veterans. The veterans must have served in the armed forces during a time of declared war or conflict. These scholarship benefits can help cover a portion of educational instruction and fee costs at both public and private institutions.
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Ohio student loan repayment & forgiveness programs
If you’ve taken out student loans to attend a school in Ohio, it is never too early to start thinking about your repayment plan. And guess what? You have quite a few repayment options at your disposal.
Take a deep breath — you’ll have time to pay off your loans once you leave school. The standard student loan repayment term is 10 years, but allowances are made for eligible loan borrowers who need more time to pay off their loans (up to 25 years).
Federal student loan interest rates vary based on what year you receive the loan, and change annually in July. Between July 1, 2018, and July 1, 2019, interest rates for federal student loans ranged from 5% to 7.6%, depending on the type of loan.
For private loans, terms and conditions such as interest rates are set by the lender and vary due to many factors. Federal student loans typically offer the lowest interest rates and more flexible repayment options as compared to private student loans.
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Federal student loan repayment options
Just like there are several types of loans to explore, there are also different kinds of repayment plans. You can learn more about your repayment options for federal student loans here, but the following high-level summaries can give you an idea of which repayment plan may work for you.
Standard Repayment plan
Most borrowers are eligible for this plan and may often pay less over time than with other plans because the loan term is shorter (typically, less interest accrues over shorter loan terms than longer ones if payments are made in full and on-time). There is a 10-year repayment period with this plan.
Graduated Repayment plan
Most borrowers are eligible for this plan, which allows them to pay their loans off over a longer period than the Standard Repayment Plan. Payments start relatively low, then increase over time (usually every two years).
Extended Repayment Plan
To qualify for this plan, there are income thresholds for certain loan types to qualify, and you won’t qualify for Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) if you choose this loan. Monthly payments are typically lower than under the 10-year Standard Plan or the Graduated Repayment Plan, and borrowers may have a longer period to pay them off (and therefore make more interest payments).
Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE)
Direct Loan borrowers (and all Consolidation Loan borrowers) with eligible loan types may be able to choose this plan. Monthly payments are 10% of discretionary income, and any remaining loan balance will be forgiven after 20 years (for undergraduate studies) or 25 years (for graduate or professional studies).
Pay As You Earn (PAYE)
To qualify for this plan, borrowers must have a higher debt relative to their discretionary income. Payments for this plan are capped at 10% of discretionary income (and never more than what would be paid on the Standard Repayment Plan), and any remaining balance will be forgiven after 20 years.
Income-Based Repayment (IBR)
IBR is designed for borrowers who have a high debt relative to their income in order to qualify. Monthly payments will not usually be higher than the 10-year Standard Plan amount. Generally, however, borrowers may pay more over time than under the Standard Plan.
Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR)
Direct Loan borrowers with an eligible loan type may want to consider ICR. This plan is different from IBR because there is no financial hardship requirement. But, it may cost more over time when compared to the 10-year Standard Repayment Plan, and any remaining balance will be forgiven after 25 years.
Borrowers can expect to pay more over time than under the 10-year Standard Plan. Monthly payments are based on annual income, but loans will be paid in full within 15 years. This repayment plan is only available for FFEL Program loans, which are not eligible for PSLF.
Still not sure which payment plan is right for you?
For more information on repayment plans, check out our student loan repayment options article to help add some clarity.
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Student loan refinancing
Another option to potentially help accelerate student loan repayment is to refinance your student loans with a private lender. Some private lenders will let you consolidate and refinance both your federal and private student loans into one loan and interest rate.
Consolidating your loans (aka combining them) under one lender gives you the opportunity to refinance your loan and get a new term and interest rate. If you have an improved financial profile compared to when you took out your original loan, you may be able to lower your interest rate when you refinance — or even shorten your term to pay off your loan more quickly!
But, it is important to remember that if you refinance federal student loans with a private lender, you will lose access to federal programs such as the income-driven repayment plans mentioned above, as well as student loan forgiveness and forbearance options.
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Student loan forgiveness
At first glance, student loan forgiveness looks appealing. But it may not be as easily attainable as one might think. For example, 98% of applicants who applied to the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) Program were denied due to issues such as not meeting the program requirements or mistakes made on their forms.
That being said, there are state-specific and federal Public Service Loan Forgiveness programs that certain student loan borrowers may be eligible for.
Before you review your options, it’s important to know that the terms forgiveness, cancellation and discharge essentially mean the same thing when it comes to federal student loans, but are applied in different scenarios. For example, if you are no longer required to make loan payments due to your job, that could fall under forgiveness or cancellation.
Or, if the school you received your loans at closed before you graduated, this situation would generally be called a discharge.
Even if you don’t complete your education, can’t find a job, or are unhappy with the quality of your education, you must repay your loans. But there are circumstances that may lead to federal student loans being forgiven, canceled, or discharged. Here are some of those options:
Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF)
The PSLF Program may forgive the remaining balance on eligible Direct Loans after making 120 qualify monthly payments under a repayment plan (and working with a qualifying employer).
Teacher Loan Forgiveness
Those who teach full-time for five complete and consecutive academic years in a low-income school or educational service agency (amongst other qualifications) may be eligible for forgiveness of up to $17,500 on select federal loans.
Perkins Loan Cancellation
Cancellation for this specific loan is based on eligible employment or eligible volunteer service and the length of time applicants were in such a position, among other factors.
Total and Permanent Disability Discharge
Qualification may relieve eligible borrowers from repaying a qualifying Direct Loan, a Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program loan, a Federal Perkins Loan or to complete a TEACH Grant service obligation.
Due to the death of the borrower or of the student on whose behalf a PLUS loan was taken out, federal student loans may be discharged.
Certain eligible borrowers may have federal student loans discharged if they file a separate action during bankruptcy, known as an “adversary proceeding.”
Closed School Discharge
Borrowers who were unable to complete an academic program because their school closed might be eligible for a discharge of Direct Loans, Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Program loans, or Federal Perkins Loans.
False Certification of Student Eligibility or Unauthorized Signature/Unauthorized Payment Discharge
Due to a variety of circumstances, borrowers may be eligible to discharge Direct Loans or FFEL Program loans due to issues such as identity theft or mistakes made by a school.
Unpaid Refund Discharge
Certain borrowers may be eligible for partial discharge of Direct Loans or FFEL Program loans if they withdrew from school, but the portion of a loan that the school was required to return to the borrower wasn’t returned.
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Ohio specific student loan forgiveness programs
Federal loan forgiveness programs are a logical place to start, but it can be smart to also consider other student loan forgiveness programs, too. There are forgiveness programs tailored to loan borrowers who live in certain locations, or have an in-demand and service-based vocation.
Ohio Dentist & Dental Hygienist Loan Repayment Program
Both the Ohio Dentist Loan Repayment Program and the Ohio Dental Hygienist Loan Repayment Program aim to increase access to dental care for underserved communities. If dentists or dental hygienists commit to practice for at least two years in an eligible underserved area, then they may be eligible to receive loan repayment assistance.
Ohio Physician Loan Repayment Program
Similar to the previously mentioned dental loan repayment programs, the Ohio Physician Loan Repayment Program increases access to primary care for underserved communities by offering physicians loan repayment assistance.
John. R. Justice Student Loan Repayment Program
For those who practice law, the John R. Justice Student Loan Repayment Program is an option for loan repayment assistance. Both state and federal public defenders as well as state prosecutors may qualify if they agree to work as public defenders or prosecutors for a minimum of three years.
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SoFi Student Loan Refinance
IF YOU ARE LOOKING TO REFINANCE FEDERAL STUDENT LOANS PLEASE BE AWARE OF RECENT LEGISLATIVE CHANGES THAT HAVE SUSPENDED ALL FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN PAYMENTS AND WAIVED INTEREST CHARGES ON FEDERALLY HELD LOANS UNTIL THE END OF DECEMBER DUE TO COVID-19. PLEASE CAREFULLY CONSIDER THESE CHANGES BEFORE REFINANCING FEDERALLY HELD LOANS WITH SOFI, SINCE IN DOING SO YOU WILL NO LONGER QUALIFY FOR THE FEDERAL LOAN PAYMENT SUSPENSION, INTEREST WAIVER, OR ANY OTHER CURRENT OR FUTURE BENEFITS APPLICABLE TO FEDERAL LOANS. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. Notice: SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers such as Income-Driven Repayment plans, including Income-Contingent Repayment or PAYE. SoFi always recommends that you consult a qualified financial advisor to discuss what is best for your unique situation.
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